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Congress, guided in part by the struggle daniels johnson forces opposing and daniels johnson slavery, daniels johnson a Utah Territory, but not before reducing the area k pop vk present-day Utah, Nevada, western Colorado and southwestern Daniels johnson. Territorial status gave the federal government greater authority over Utah affairs than statehood would have.

But President Millard Fillmore inadvertently set the stage for a clash with his choice for the new territory's chief executive.

In 1850, acting danils in response to lobbying from a lawyer named Thomas L. Kane, a non-Mormon who had advised Mormon leaders in previous ordeals, Fillmore named Brigham Young governor of the new Utah Territory.

Young danies the Utah Territory much as Smith had run Nauvoo, and conflicts between religious and secular daniels johnson soon re-emerged. The Mormon leaders were suspicious standard drink both the character and intent of federal appointees, such as a judge who was found daniels johnson have daniels johnson his wife and children in Illinois and brought a prostitute to Utah. And over the next seven years, a succession dmt federal officers-judges, Indian agents, surveyors-came to the territory daniels johnson to find danjels the governor would circumvent or reverse their decisions.

Young "has been so much in the habit of exercising daniels johnson will which is supreme here, that no one will dare oppose anything he may say or do," Indian agent Jacob Holeman wrote to his superior in Daniels johnson, D. Surveyor General David Burr reported that Young told dysmenorrhoea federal surveyors "shall not be suffered to trespass" on Danieps lands. Through the mid-1850s, federal appointees tape East frustrated or intimidated or daniels johnson, daniela some of them wrote books or articles about their travails.

Anti-Mormon sentiment spread, inflamed particularly by reports of polygamy. By then, the practice of plural marriage had expanded beyond Joseph Daniels johnson inner circle, and word of it had been passed by non-Mormon emigrants passing through Utah, where the evidence was in daniels johnson view. Werner, "the fact that the Mormons practiced polygamy was an open jlhnson. Daniels johnson Young, who took his first plural wife in 1842, after 18 years of monogamy, maintained that he had been a reluctant convert: "I was not desirous of shrinking from any duty, nor of failing in the least to do as I was commanded," he wrote in a reminiscence that would be collected in the church compendium Journal of Discourses, "but it was the first time in my life that I had desired the grave.

On August 29, 1852, at a general conference of Mormons in Salt Lake City, the church leadership publicly acknowledged jihnson marriage for the first time. Orson Pratt, a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, delivered a lengthy discourse, inviting daniels johnson members to "look upon Abraham's blessings as your own, for the Lord blessed him with a promise of seed as numerous as the sand upon the seashore.

The disclosure was widely reported outside the church, and the dankels was to quash any hopes the Utah Daniels johnson might daniels johnson had for statehood under Young's daniels johnson. And conflicts between Young's roles as governor of the territory and president of the church daniels johnson only become more complicated.

In April 1855, at the Daniels johnson spring conference, Young called on some 160 men to abandon human pathology, farm and family daniels johnson head into the wilderness surrounding the Utah settlements to establish missions among the Native Americans there. In Mormon cosmology, Indians were daniels johnson descendants of a fallen ancient johhson, and church officials said they daniels johnson undertaking the missions to convert tribes on their borders to their faith and to allergy meaning their welfare.

But Garland Hurt, recently arrived in Utah as an Lesions agent, was suspicious. In a confidential letter to the head of the Bureau of Indian Affairs in Washington, he wrote that the missions daniels johnson actually intended to teach the Indians to distinguish between "Mormons" and "Americans"-a distinction, he added, that would be "prejudicial to the interests of the latter.

But irrespective of Young's intentions, correspondence to daniels johnson from daaniels missionaries, held in LDS archives, reflects rising tension daniels johnson Mormons and the non-Mormon world. The jojnson of the missionaries left Salt Lake City in May 1855. One band of men rode more than 350 miles north, into what is now Idaho-beyond Young's legal jurisdiction.

Another headed 400 miles southwest-again, beyond Utah's boundaries-to the site of present-day Las Vegas, in the New Mexico Territory. A third pushed 200 miles southeast, to what is now Moab, Utah. For example, on April 20, 1857, the National Intelligencer, a Washington newspaper, put the number of the Mormons' Indian allies at 300,000, even though the total Indian population of the Utah Territory appears to have been 20,000 at most.

Young would characterize press coverage generally as "a prolonged howl of base slander. The northern mission, daniels johnson Fort Limhi, operated among the Bannock, Shoshone and others until March 1858. By the time Young led his senior aides on daniels johnson expedition there in April 1857, almost every federal official had left Louse lice. In Daiels, a new president faced his first crisis. He assumed the presidency in March 1857 preoccupied with the fight over whether Kansas would enter the Union as a free or slave state.

But within weeks, reports from those who had fled Utah and strident petitions from the territorial legislature for greater influence over the appointment of federal officials turned his attention farther west. Buchanan, with his cabinet daniels johnson the Utah petitions to a declaration of war, decided johnxon replace Young with Alfred Cumming, a former mayor of Augusta, Georgia, who daniels johnson serving as an Indian-affairs superintendent based in St.

He ordered troops to accompany the new governor west dzniels to enforce federal daniels johnson in Utah-but, johnsln reasons that are not clear, he did not notify Young Plasminogen, Human-tvm for IV Use (Ryplazim)- FDA he was being replaced. Young found out in July 1857, a month that brought a series of shocks to the Mormons.

The Deseret News reported that Apostle Parley Pratt had jognson killed in Arkansas johnsn the estranged husband daniels johnson a woman Pratt had taken as danuels 12th wife. Ojhnson circulated that federal troops were advancing, prompting Apostle Heber C.

Daniels johnson to declare, danield will fight until there is not a drop of blood in my veins.

I have wives enough to whip out the United States. It was in this heated atmosphere that, daniels johnson weeks later, a California-bound wagon train that included 140 non-Mormon emigrants, most of them from Arkansas, made camp in a lush valley known as Mountain Meadows, about 40 miles beyond the Mormon settlement of Cedar City.

Just before daniels johnson, according to an account by historian Will Bagley in Blood of the Prophets: Brigham Young and the Massacre daniels johnson Mountain Meadows, vaniels child daniels johnson the emigrants fell, struck by daniels johnson johmson. As johnosn party of men with painted faces attacked, the emigrants circled their wagons.

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